Install guest tools inside XCP-ng VM for better performance and various features.
Mount guest tools ISO which is available by default on the host operating system.
$ sudo mount /dev/cdrom
mount: /media/cdrom0: WARNING: source write-protected, mounted read-only.
Determine the directory where it is currently mounted.
$ lsblk /dev/cdrom
NAME MAJ:MIN RM SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT sr0 11:0 1 14.5M 0 rom /media/cdrom0
Inspect readme file.
$ cat /media/cdrom0/README.txt
XCP-ng Tools for Linux (and a word about Windows) ================================================= This CD contains the XCP-ng Tools and Drivers for supported linux guest operating systems. You will need to install them to get the best performance from your virtual machine, and to access advanced features such as XenMotion. Windows ------- We are not allowed to redistribute the windows tools built and signed by Citrix, so they are not included here. Refer to our online documentation for instructions: https://xcp-ng.org/docs/guests.html#windows Linux ----- Linux users need to install the guest tools from the /Linux directory on this CD. This will ensure your Linux VM has access to advanced features such as XenMotion and in-guest performance metrics. In addition, we have provided a number of kernel files, which are mostly based on the vendor-provided kernels, but provide specific enhancements for improved stability and performance when running on XCP-ng. Those are only required for very old VMs since the linux kernel has included xen drivers by default for many years now. You can install the required packages by running install.sh like so: $ <mnt>/Linux/install.sh where <mnt> is the CD mount point. To omit the kernel upgrade pass the -k flag to install.sh. More information on our online documentation: https://xcp-ng.org/docs/guests.html#linux FreeBSD ------- Run the install.sh script, which will offer to download and install the `xe-guest-utilities` package from FreeBSD's repositories. More information at https://xcp-ng.org/docs/guests.html#freebsd
List files inside the mounted ISO.
$ ls /media/cdrom0
$ ls /media/cdrom0/Linux/
LICENSE versions.tgz xe-guest-utilities-xenstore-7.20.0-9.i386.rpm xe-guest-utilities_7.20.0-9_i386.deb xen-vcpu-hotplug.rules install.sh xe-daemon xe-guest-utilities-xenstore-7.20.0-9.x86_64.rpm xe-guest-utilities_7.20.0-9_x86_64.tgz versions.deb xe-guest-utilities-7.20.0-9.i386.rpm xe-guest-utilities_7.20.0-9_386.tgz xe-linux-distribution versions.rpm xe-guest-utilities-7.20.0-9.x86_64.rpm xe-guest-utilities_7.20.0-9_amd64.deb xe-linux-distribution.service
Inspect the first lines of the installation script.
$ head -6 /media/cdrom0/Linux/install.sh
#!/usr/bin/env bash # Copyright Citrix Systems, Inc. # All rights reserved. # # This script installs or updates the XE support packages installed in a guest.
By default, ISO is mounted with
$ mount | grep cdrom
/dev/sr0 on /media/cdrom0 type iso9660 (ro,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,nojoliet,check=s,map=n,blocksize=2048,user)
Remove this option.
$ sudo mount -o remount,ro,exec /dev/cdrom
$ mount | grep cdrom
/dev/sr0 on /media/cdrom0 type iso9660 (ro,nosuid,nodev,relatime,nojoliet,check=s,map=n,blocksize=2048,user)
Display help information for the installation script.
$ /media/cdrom0/Linux/install.sh --help
/media/cdrom/Linux/install.sh: illegal option -- - usage: install.sh [-d <DISTRO> -m <MAJOR>] [-k] -d <DISTRO> Specifies the distro name. -m <MAJOR> Specifies the major version of the distro release. -k Do not update the kernel. -n Non interactive mode. The -d and -m options must be used together. If neither is given then auto-detection will be attempted.
Execute the installation script.
$ sudo /media/cdrom0/Linux/install.sh
Detected `Debian GNU/Linux 11 (bullseye)' (debian version 11). The following changes will be made to this Virtual Machine: * update arp_notify sysctl. * packages to be installed/upgraded: - xe-guest-utilities_7.20.0-9_amd64.deb Continue? [y/n] y Selecting previously unselected package xe-guest-utilities. (Reading database ... 27712 files and directories currently installed.) Preparing to unpack .../xe-guest-utilities_7.20.0-9_amd64.deb ... Unpacking xe-guest-utilities (7.20.0-9) ... Setting up xe-guest-utilities (7.20.0-9) ... You should now reboot this Virtual Machine.
Reboot the operating system.
$ sudo reboot
Inspect service status.
$ sudo systemctl status xe-linux-distribution.service
● xe-linux-distribution.service - LSB: Virtual Machine daemon providing host integration services Loaded: loaded (/etc/init.d/xe-linux-distribution; generated) Active: active (running) since Sun 2021-10-31 19:07:02 CET; 3min 32s ago Docs: man:systemd-sysv-generator(8) Process: 368 ExecStart=/etc/init.d/xe-linux-distribution start (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS) Tasks: 9 (limit: 1105) Memory: 19.1M CPU: 154ms CGroup: /system.slice/xe-linux-distribution.service ├─433 /usr/sbin/xe-daemon -p /var/run/xe-daemon.pid └─441 logger -t xe-daemon -p debug Oct 31 19:07:02 debian systemd: Starting LSB: Virtual Machine daemon providing host integration services... Oct 31 19:07:02 debian xe-linux-distribution: $Mounting xenfs on /proc/xen: OK Oct 31 19:07:02 debian xe-linux-distribution: $Detecting Linux distribution version: OK Oct 31 19:07:02 debian xe-linux-distribution: $Starting xe daemon: OK Oct 31 19:07:02 debian systemd: Started LSB: Virtual Machine daemon providing host integration services. Oct 31 19:07:32 debian xe-daemon: Trigger refresh after system resume
Display VM status using Xen Orchestra.
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